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Research Ethics

Code of Conduct for Research Integrity

The mission of the College is to promote integrity and excellence in the practice of research. In doing so, the College has a responsibility to ensure that all research carried out under its umbrella is conducted to the highest standard in accordance with the law and public interest.

The College follows the European Code of Conduct for Research Integrity.

All research activities are based on fundamental principles of research integrity:

Reliability in ensuring the quality of research, reflected in the design, the methodology, the analysis and the use of resources.

Honesty in developing, undertaking, reviewing, reporting and communicating research in a transparent, fair, full and unbiased way.

Respect for colleagues, research participants, society, ecosystems, cultural heritage and the environment.

Accountability for the research from idea to publication, for its management and organization, for training, supervision and mentoring, and for its wider impacts.

Research work should:

1. Maintain the highest standards of integrity in all aspects of research.

2. Ensure that research is conducted according to the appropriate ethical, legal and professional frameworks, obligations and standards.

3. Support a research environment that is underpinned by a culture of integrity and based on good governance, best practice and support for the development of researchers.

4. Use transparent, robust and fair processes.

5. Work together to strengthen the integrity of research and to review progress regularly and openly.

Principles of good research practice:

1. Maintaining open, honest and fair standards, including ready questioning of the researcher's own findings.

2. Researchers must ensure that all publication and presentation of material arising from research is correct and accurate.

3. Appropriate recording (including the storage of data) maintenance and reporting   of research, allowing   ready verification of   the quality and integrity of the research data.

4. Compliance   with   relevant   regulations   or   policies,   whether   legal, institutional or other,   which govern particular aspects of research or the involvement of children and vulnerable adults.

5. Participation only in work which conforms to accepted ethical standards and which ensures the safety of all those associated with the research.

6. Commitment to competency. Participation only in work which the researcher is competent to perform.

7. Avoidance or declaration of real or apparent conflicts of interest.

8. Supervision and mentoring. It   is   the   responsibility   of   established   researchers,   to   nurture   the   appropriate intellectual, technical, ethical and career development of new staff, students and supervisees.

9. Confidentiality. Confidential information should be treated with respect and integrity.

10. Publishing results. Researchers should make every effort to ensure research findings are widely disseminated to both the academic community and where appropriate to the general public. This includes the sharing of negative results as appropriate.

11. Intellectual Property Rights and ownership.

12. Authorship. Clear policies (that allow for transparency around who contributed to the work and in what capacity) should be in place for requirements for authorship and contributorship as well as processes for managing potential disputes

Researches must follow the guidelines and regulations of the Cyprus department of Registrar, the European Union Intellectual Property Office (EUIPO) and the World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO).

Ethics for Researchers

The College follows The European Charter Of Fundamental Rights.Taking into account the ethical aspects of research practices has a particular significance in the European legal framework as the European Union is founded on a common ground of shared values laid out in the European Charter of Fundamental Rights. 

The Charter recognises a range of personal, civil, political, economic and social rights. The Cologne European Council of June 1999 entrusted the task of drafting a charter to a convention. The Lisbon Treaty incorporates the Charter into the Treaty on the European Union, giving the charter an equal legal effect, and states that all European legislation needs to conform to the principles of the Charter. Consequently, this also applies to the European research policy. The European Charter of Fundamental Rights contains several principles which can be relevant in the context of research. These principles form the basis of important ethics guidelines but also support the conduct of research. 

Article 3Right to the integrity of the person

Everyone has the right to respect for his or her physical and mental integrity. In the fields of medicine and biology, the following must be respected in particular: the free and informed consent of the person concerned, according to the procedures laid down by law.

the prohibition of eugenic practices, in particular those aiming at the selection of persons;

the prohibition on making the human body and its parts as such a source of financial gain;

the prohibition of the reproductive cloning of human beings. 

Article 7Respect for private and family life.

 Everyone has the right to respect for his or her private and family life, home and

Article 8Protection of Personal Data

Everyone has the right to the protection of personal data concerning him or her. Such data must be processed fairly for specified purposes and on the basis of the consent of the person concerned or some other legitimate basis laid down by law. Everyone has the right of access to data which has been collected concerning him or her, and the right to have it rectified. Compliance with these rules shall be subject to control by an independent authority.

Article 13 – Freedom of the Arts and Sciences

The arts and scientific research shall be free of constraint. Academic freedom shall be respected.

 Procedures of research work: 

  • Researchers have the opportunity to develop and propose research projects. The researchers complete an official application form for research approval and project funding. 
  • The College Research Committee reviews and approves proposals on a continual basis. 
  • The committee designs the research strategy and sets the priorities for conducting research. 
  • The researchers are expected to promote the college while conducting their research by publishing the results and creating events related to their research findings. 
  • The college offers the space and equipment to researchers in order to facilitate their research activities and encourages the development of professional networks that focus on research and social responsibility. 

References used for developing the Code of Conduct: 

AEA (All European Academies). (2017). The European Code of Conduct for Research Integrity. Berlin: All European Academies. 

Queen’s University Belfast . (2014). Code of Conduct and Integrity in Research.

http://www.qub.ac.uk/home/media/Media,599772,en.pdf 

COPE

https://publicationethics.org/authorship 

European Commission. Ethics for researchers. Facilitating Research Excellence in FP7.

http://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/data/ref/fp7/89888/ethics-for-researchers_en.pdf