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The term plagiarism is declared ownership of projects and ideas of other authors. Whether it is intended or not, it is plagiarism whenever you use all or part of the work / ideas / concepts by other authors presenting them as our own.

“The practice of taking someone else’s work or ideas and passing them off as one’s own: there were accusations of plagiarism .” [Online]. Available at: [Accessed: 5 December 2016]

More specifically we plagiarism whenever:

  1. We use the entire work, words or ideas of another author without reference to the source from which we drew this information.
  2. We quote in full phrases or sentences from a source without the enclosed in quotation marks "..." without mentioning the source.
  3. Paraphrasing; presenting with our own voice and style information or arguments of an author, without referring to the source.
  4. Falsify or misrepresent information or data from another source.
  5. We undertake to do the work of another person or on the contrary, when relying on someone else to do our work.

The use of references is not required when:

  1. When we express our own ideas and opinions. In case we use our own ideas which have been published in our previous work in the past, then you need to refer to them.
  2. We use ideas, theories or other information which are public knowledge, in other words when they are known to the general public.

How to avoid plagiarism

When writing a work or research it is necessary to state the sources from which we derive information. It is important to provide complete and organized academic references for anything we use in our work.

More specifically we avoid plagiarism, whenever:

  1. We quote in full phrases or sentences of other authors and enclose in quotation marks "..." while citing the source from which the learned.
  2. We paraphrase; presenting with our own voice and style information or arguments of another author and refer to the source.
  3. We summarize; referring to the so-called or ideas of another author without altering or misrepresent information and referring also to our source.

References allow the reader to refer directly to the original source to verify or to compare and contrast what we wrote in relation to the source.


Plagiarism checkers

For more info please visit: Plagiarism Org 


Instructions to references

The System of referencing discussed and proposed in this document (page 7) is the Harvard reference system. Please read carefully as evaluation of your final year project work will be partially  based on the way you cite references both within your project as well as how you write the list of references used in the Bibliography section of your project. Various sources have been reviewed to provide detailed information on how to reference.

The reference of the following instructions is:

An excellent detailed source that could be used is by:  Fisher, D. & Harrison, T. (1998). Citing References. The Nottingham Trent University. UK: Blackwell. This is available in the  library.


Curriculum Vitae Tool

CV Europass Writing Tool